On February 5, 2020, FERC denied a request from demand-side energy management company Enerwise Global Technologies, Inc. d/b/a CPower (“CPower”) for a one-time waiver of ISO New England, Inc’s (“ISO-NE”) Market Rule 1 in order to permit CPower’s summer-only demand capacity distributed generation resources, for which it elected Renewable Technology Resource (“RTR”) treatment, to participate in ISO-NE’s fourteenth Forward Capacity Auction (“FCA 14”) and the substitution auction. CPower presented two alternative options for waiver, arguing that an unintended interaction between ISO-NE’s RTR and “composite offer” Tariff provisions caused its resources to be excluded from FCA 14 and the substitution auction. FERC denied CPower’s request, even though ISO-NE supported one of the alternatives that CPower presented. Commissioner Richard Glick dissented in part, explaining that he also would have granted one of CPower’s proffered waiver options.
Continue Reading FERC Denies DER Projects’ Request to Participate in ISO-NE Capacity Auction, Sparking Dissent from Commissioner Glick

On February 3, 2020, FERC denied a waiver request filed by Genbright LLC (“Genbright”) seeking a one-time limited waiver of Market Rule 1 in the ISO New England Inc. (“ISO-NE”) Transmission, Markets and Services Tariff (“Tariff”) to allow fourteen distributed energy resource projects (the “DER Projects”) to participate in the fourteenth ISO-NE Forward Capacity Auction (“FCA 14”).  According to Genbright, the DER Projects did not qualify to participate in this year’s capacity auction because Genbright sought interconnection under a state-administered interconnection process rather than the FERC jurisdictional interconnection options specified in the ISO-NE Tariff, and Genbright argued that the interconnected utility should have alerted Genbright of the FERC-jurisdictional status of its interconnections.  In denying the request, FERC found that granting waiver would inappropriately allow Genbright to avoid ISO-NE’s complex interconnection study process.
Continue Reading FERC Denies DER Projects’ Waiver Request to Participate in ISO-NE’s Capacity Auction

On January 31, 2020, FERC filed its brief in the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit (“D.C. Circuit”) responding to consolidated petitions challenging Order No. 841. Order No. 841—the agency’s 2018 rulemaking that established a regulatory framework for Electric Storage Resources (“ESRs”) including grid-level batteries—is widely hailed as the legal lynchpin for the very recent, significant penetration by ESRs into the U.S. electricity resource mix. Accordingly, the D.C. Circuit proceeding has been closely watched by industry stakeholders as the petitioners seek to vacate important parts of the rule facilitating ESR participation in wholesale markets.

Petitions for review were filed in July 2019 by: (1) the National Association of Regulatory Utility Commissioners (“NARUC” or “State Commissions”); and (2) jointly by the American Public Power Association, National Rural Electric Cooperative Association, Edison Electric Institute, and American Municipal Power, Inc. (“Utility Petitioners”). The Transmission Access Policy Study Group also filed a brief as intervenor in support of petitioners.
Continue Reading Battle Lines Drawn in D.C. Circuit Appeals of FERC Order No. 841

On January 23, 2020, FERC accepted New York Independent System Operator, Inc.’s (“NYISO”) proposed revisions to its Tariffs to allow the aggregation of resources, including distributed energy resources (“DERs”), for purposes of participation in the NYISO markets. FERC found that NYISO’s proposed aggregation model (“Aggregation Participation Model”) provided a just and reasonable and not unduly discriminatory framework for such participation.
Continue Reading FERC Accepts NYISO’s Proposed Aggregation Model for DERs and Other Resources

On November 22, 2019, FERC issued three separate orders accepting, subject to further compliance, California Independent System Operator Corporation’s (“CAISO”), the Midcontinent Independent System Operator, Inc.’s (“MISO”), and ISO New England, Inc.’s (“ISO-NE”) proposals to comply with FERC Order Nos. 841 and 841-A—addressing energy storage resources’ (“ESR”) participation in Regional Transmission Organization/Independent System Operator (“RTO/ISO”)-operated markets (see February 20, 2018 edition of the WER; April 10, 2019 edition of the WER; and May 22, 2019 edition of the WER for more background and context on Order No. 841). The November 22 orders, which follow FERC’s previous acceptance of PJM Interconnection, L.L.C.’s and Southwest Power Pool, Inc.’s storage participation proposals (see October 24, 2019 edition of the WER), found that the RTOs/ISOs generally complied with the requirements of Order No. 841. FERC ordered certain modifications to each RTO’s/ISO’s proposals, addressing metering and accounting practices, ESR bidding parameters, minimum size requirements, and transmission service charges, in addition to other issues. Commissioner McNamee issued separate opinions concurring with all three orders.
Continue Reading FERC Conditionally Accepts CAISO, MISO, and ISO-NE Order No. 841 Energy Storage Participation Proposals

On November 5 and 6, 2019, FERC staff held a two-day workshop at its headquarters in Washington, DC on technologies that increase the capacity, efficiency, or reliability of transmission facilities.  Panelists and FERC staff discussed technologies that are currently used in transmission planning and operations, challenges associated with the deployment of grid-enhancing technologies, and regulatory actions that might promote increased adoption of these technologies going forward. A formal notice requesting written comments will soon be issued. 
Continue Reading FERC Holds Workshop on Grid-Enhancing Technologies, Seeks Comment

On October 17, 2019, FERC issued two separate orders accepting in part PJM Interconnection L.L.C.’s (“PJM”), and Southwest Power Pool, Inc.’s (“SPP”) proposals to comply with FERC’s orders addressing energy storage resources’ (“ESR”) participation in Regional Transmission Organization (“RTO”)-operated markets, subject to further compliance (see February 20, 2018 edition of the WER; April 10, 2019 edition of the WER; and May 22, 2019 edition of the WER for more background and context on Order No. 841). SPP’s and PJM’s ESR participation proposals are the first to be accepted by FERC, which found that the RTOs generally complied with Order No. 841 by enabling ESRs to provide all services they are technically capable of providing, to be compensated for those services in the same manner as other resources, and by recognizing ESRs’ unique physical and operational characteristics. However, FERC initiated further proceedings to require both RTOs to include the minimum run-time requirements applicable to ESRs and other generation resources in their Tariffs, and initiated an investigation into whether PJM’s application of minimum run-time requirements to ESRs participating in its capacity markets is just and reasonable. FERC also directed SPP and PJM to take further action, requiring both RTOs to submit compliance filings within 60 days that, as one example, address the basic metering and accounting practices applicable to ESRs. Commissioner McNamee issued separate opinions concurring with both orders.
Continue Reading FERC Accepts SPP and PJM Storage Participation Proposals; Initiates Proceedings to Address Minimum Run-Time Rules

On October 17, 2019, FERC denied a complaint filed in June 2019 by Nevada Hydro Company, Inc. (“Nevada Hydro”) alleging that the California Independent System Operator Corporation (“CAISO”) failed to follow its Tariff requirements in studying the Lake Elsinore Advanced Pumped Storage Project (“LEAPS”) as a transmission facility in CAISO’s 2018-2019 transmission planning process. FERC concluded that Nevada Hydro failed to demonstrate that CAISO violated its Tariff in studying LEAPS as a proposed reliability-driven transmission solution and as a proposed economic transmission project. Rather, FERC accepted CAISO’s conclusion that it could identify no reliability need for LEAPS, and that the project’s economic benefits are far outweighed by its costs. FERC’s October 17 order also explained that it found no evidence that CAISO’s treatment of LEAPS was biased by a predetermined conclusion that LEAPS is a generation asset or that storage cannot qualify as transmission. FERC went on to note that a project’s ability to provide transmission benefits does not equate to a transmission need, nor does it guarantee eligibility to recover costs through transmission rates.
Continue Reading FERC Denies Pumped Storage Facility’s Complaint Requesting Treatment as a Transmission Facility

On August 22, 2019, FERC dismissed as premature Alternative Transmission Inc.’s (“ATI”) petition for declaratory order (“Petition”) asking FERC to declare that ATI’s alternative transmission facilities and services are subject to FERC’s jurisdiction and that ATI, as the owner and operator of the facilities, will be a public utility under the Federal Power Act (“FPA”).
Continue Reading FERC Dismisses ATI’s Petition Relating to Determination of FERC Jurisdiction Over ATI’s Proposed Alternative Transmission Facilities and Services